IMG_6651The in situ data collection campaign in the Ionian Sea ended in June 2016. Samples were taken along the 244 km coastline in beaches of Vlora, Orikumi, Dhermi, Himara, Qeparo, Lukova, Kakome, Saranda and Cape Stillo. In these beaches are measured parameters such as chlorophyll-a, temperature, transparency, pH, total phosphorus and nitrogen.

Data are collected during the months of March and June respecting the guide of the collection of sampling techniques and also of the time of storage and transport of the samples. The in situ campaign is carried out from the experts’ team of EFB and Jon Studio.

From the tests taken and processed resulted that besides Chlorophyll-a, the other parameters measured are in the required norms. Beaches with the highest level of chlorophyll-a were observed in Vlora Bay 0:44 g / l, Qeparo beach front 0:43 g / l.. The other seven beaches have a chlorophyll-a in the level of 0.1-0.21 g / l. Referring to the European standards the level of chlorophyll-a in Joni sea  can be classified low and middle belonging to oligotrophic level (0-2.6g / l) which is the first level of eutrophication. The risk of Ionian waters turn into eutrophic state is too low

Chlorophyll-a is one of the main photosynthetic pigments of green plants and algae. The highest concentration of chlorophyll-a is in surface because of the stronger fall perpendicularly of the sun and is more easily to be absorbed. With increasing of depth, it decreases the absorbing ability which consequently decreases the concentration of chlorophyll-a.

Important to our beaches and particularly for the hot season, is the monitoring of water quality in order to avoid the spread of skin infections as well as preliminary treatment of wastewater, or avoidance of their dischargees from these areas. The continued lack of investment for appropriate treatment of solid and liquid waste,industrial and from urban areas and especially for extended coastal urban areas, has led to the continued increase of the degradation or eutrophication of our coastal waters.

Until now there are conducted measuring of the water quality in the Ionian Sea and simultaneously have been taken information in the form of satellite maps, which have made  possible data comparison between them. This practice is done to ensure validation of the data received from the satellite which will continuou to be gathered and monitored in the future and present the water quality indicators to the general public. Project SAIMON “Satellite Near Real Time Monitoring Network for the Eutrophication Risk for the marine waters over the Greek-Albanian cross border area”” implemented by Milieukontakt Albania aims to establish a network of continuous satellite monitoring in real-time about the risk of eutrophication of coastal waters in all area involved in IPA cross-border program Albania-Greece, which will be available to the public, the scientific community and authorities through an interactive web page GIS.

Project is co-financed by the European Union and national funds of Greece and Albania under the IPA Cross-Border Cooperation Programme “Greece-Albania 2007-2013.